Cytoplasm Function ( More than just the clear liquid of the Cell )

Saturday, October 27, 2018

What is the structure and function of the cytoplasm in a cell?

The cytoplasm is a fluid found in cells and the organelles are suspended in this liquid.
Think of the cytoplasm like the water that fills up a swimming pool and the organelles would be the people who swim in the pool.
The cytoplasm is found in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
The fluid of the cytoplasm is called cytosol.
The organelles are found floating in this liquid.
Along with the cytoskeleton, the cytoplasm helps give the cell it’s shape. Think of filling up a water balloon.
Without cytoplasm, the cell would be deflated and materials would not be able to pass easily from one organelle to another.
In addition, there are important molecules dissolved in the cytosol.
You will find enzymes, glucose, fatty acids, sugars, and amino acids that are used to keep the cell working. Waste products are also dissolved before they are taken in by vacuoles or sent out of the cell.
The cytoplasm is also the site of ATP production through the process of glycolysis when glucose is converted into pyruvate and 2 ATPs are generated.
In addition, the enzymes found in the cytosol help break down larger molecules.
So there you go, the very important fluid of living cells, the cytoplasm.
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