All about the large intestine

Saturday, January 2, 2021

Large Intestine Parts

After passing through the small intestine food travels into the large intestine.
Your large intestine is roughly 9 feet in length but gets its name because it has a larger diameter than the small intestine. 


Your large intestine is also called the colon.
The large intestine is divided into several sections.

anatomy large intestines

The beginning section is called the cecum. 
Food from the small intestine travels to the cecum.
The cecum is a little like a pouch and receives the food material from the section of the small intestine called the ileum.
From the cecum, digested food travels upward into the ascending colon. 
The horizontal section of the large intestine is called the transverse colon.
After traveling across the transverse colon food descends into the descending colon then into an s-shaped section of large intestines called the sigmoid

Large Intestine Function

Water and salt are absorbed in the colon and food is converted into feces.
The feces are stored in the sigmoid until it travels to the rectum and then exits the body.
Your large intestines also contain trillions of bacteria which are part of your microbiome. These bacteria and your large intestine are a very important symbiotic relationship These bacteria produce vitamin K, b vitamins, and are vital for digestion and the health of your large intestine.
microbiome large intestine


Vitamin K helps your blood clot, builds your bones, and aids in keeping correct insulin levels.

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