Major Glands Endocrine System

Tuesday, November 10, 2020

Your major glands help produce hormones that control many of your daily activities including,
* Energy Levels * Your height * Your weight * Your Mood * Fight or flight reflex * Your sleep and many more important functions. These hormones are produced in glands of the endocrine system.


The endocrine system sends chemical messages throughout your body using chemical signals called hormones. Let’s take a look at the following major glands that produce these major hormones. The pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid, thymus, adrenal, the Pancreas, testes, ovaries.

The pituitary gland called the master gland secretes hormones that affect other glands including the thyroid and adrenals it is the size of a pea and is situated just behind the bridge of your nose. It is attached to the base of your brain.  The hypothalamus, which controls the pituitary gland is situated immediately above the pituitary gland.

pituitary gland

Pineal Gland is a pea-shaped gland that regulates melatonin
Melatonin is best known for the role it plays in regulating sleep patterns.

The pancreas is interesting because it helps with digestion and helps the endocrine system by regulating blood sugar levels by producing the hormone insulin.


The Adrenal glands are located at the top of your kidneys. They help you respond to danger by secreting adrenaline in addition they help your body react to stressors like a major illness or injury.

Thyroid which is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the base of your neck and controls metabolism along with several other functions including,

* Breathing
* Heart rate
* Bodyweight
* Muscle strength
* Body temperature


The thymus is located behind your sternum and helps your immune system by training and developing T cells, which are an important type of white blood cell. T cells defend the body from getting sick by fighting deadly pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

The ovaries are the major female reproductive glands

These glands secret the hormone estrogen which is vital for reproduction

The testes are the male reproductive glands and produce testosterone which helps with muscle strength and bone strength.

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